The Peace Process

Israel and the United States are committed to a two-state solution.

A durable Israeli-Palestinian peace can best be achieved through direct negotiations between the two parties, resulting in a Jewish state living side-by-side in peace with a demilitarized Palestinian state. Unhelpful resolutions at the United Nations Security Council and unilateral Palestinian actions at other international bodies will only undermine the prospects for peace.

Israel's Pursuit of Peace
Time and again, Israel has demonstrated its willingness to make tough sacrifices for peace: In 1982, Israel withdrew its forces and uprooted Jewish settlers from the Sinai Peninsula to implement its 1979 peace treaty with Egypt; pursuant to the 1995 Oslo II Interim Agreement and 1998 Wye River Memorandum, Israel ceded responsibility for civil affairs and maintaining public order to the Palestinian Authority (PA) in parts of the West Bank where 95 percent of West Bank Palestinians live; and in 2005, Israel withdrew its forces and evacuated all Jewish settlers from the Gaza Strip.

Recent Efforts
The most recent round of direct Israeli-Palestinian talks began in July 2013, but the Palestinian Authority pulled out of the talks in the spring of 2014. [Read “The Peace Process” from AIPAC’s 2017 Briefing Book]. Since then, the PA has attempted to realize its objectives outside of negotiations by asking the United Nations and other international bodies to impose Palestinian terms on Israel. These efforts undermine the chance for Israeli-Palestinian peace.

The Way Forward
To further peace, the United States should maintain its commitment to the principles that guided previous successful negotiations:

  • Talks must be direct and bilateral.
  • A solution cannot be imposed on the parties.
  • Both sides must be willing to make key compromises.
  • Disagreements should be resolved privately.
  • The United States must support and work closely with Israel.

Fact Sheets: Pursuit of Peace

Pursuit of Peace
This Fact Sheet highlights highlights Israel's quest for peace with her neighbors. Download the PDF »


Talking Points

  1. Two states for two people.
    AIPAC strongly supports a two-state solution and works tirelessly to bring peace to the region. A two-state solution – a Jewish state of Israel living in peace with a demilitarized Palestinian state – with an end to all claims is the clear path to resolving this generations-old conflict.

  2. Only direct talks will lead to peace.
    As was the case in the previous Arab-Israeli peace agreements, only direct talks between the parties can lead to a real and lasting peace. The United States can play an important facilitating role, but it cannot dictate the terms of peace. And the Palestinians will not achieve real peace by seeking to utilize international organizations such as the United Nations and the International Criminal Court to impose their will on Israel.

  3. Arab states must take a more constructive role.
    The United States should continue to press the Arab states to start a public process to normalize relations with Israel and take concrete steps to support Israeli-Palestinian peace efforts.