Since 2011, Syria has been engulfed by brutal civil war. Iran, Russia and Hezbollah have been supporting Syrian dictator Bashar al-Assad’s government against rebel militias and radical jihadi groups, including the Islamic State (ISIS) and al-Qaida. Israeli security planners are concerned that these groups will ultimately turn south and attack the Jewish state. Hezbollah and Iran are reportedly already attempting to establish a front against Israel along the Golan Heights.

Fact Sheets: Mounting Threats to Israel

Mounting Threats to Israel
Iran is laying the foundation for a long-term presence in Syria, similar to its presence in Iraq, by infiltrating its economy and civil society to create a durable web of dependency. Download the PDF »

Talking Points

  1. The Assad regime must be held accountable.
    Since 2011, Syrian dictator Bashar al-Assad’s forces have killed an estimated 400,000 people—overwhelmingly civilian—by indiscriminately attacking population centers and civilian infrastructure. Assad must be held accountable for his actions.

  2. Supporters of the regime must be held accountable.
    Individuals, companies and nations that provide support to the Assad regime and enable its brutal actions must be held accountable. Congress should adopt new legislation to strengthen sanctions on Assad and his backers.

  3. Syria supports terrorism.
    Syria is a U.S.-designated state sponsor of terrorism and facilitates the transfer of advanced weaponry from Iran to Hezbollah.

  4. Syria is a terrorist cauldron that menaces Israel. 
    Syria has become a hotbed for radical jihadist groups. In addition to Hezbollah, both ISIS and al-Qaida affiliates operate in Syria near its border with Israel, threatening the Jewish state directly with infiltration and rocket fire. 

  5. Iran’s operations in Syria threaten Israel.
    Iran has deployed thousands of its own Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) troops to Syria. The IRGC supplies, trains and directs Syrian military forces, Hezbollah terrorists, and Shia militiamen drawn from Iraq, the Gulf, Pakistan and Afghanistan. Some of these forces operate on Israel’s northern border, bringing Iran’s malign influence directly to Israel’s doorstep.