Issue Memo

AIPAC's analysis of current issues, policy and legislation.

  • Issues Memos

    Congressional Sanctions Effort Squeezing Iran (PDF)

    April 09, 2010

    Bills passed by the House and Senate designed to limit refined petroleum supplies to Iran are already having a significant impact — even before final approval by Congress and the president. Iran is experiencing increasing difficulties in finding companies willing to provide refined petroleum, banks to finance the deliveries and insurance companies to cover the risk of these transactions.

  • Issues Memos

    Frequently Asked Questions on the Importance of Preventing a Nuclear-Armed Iran (PDF)

    March 31, 2010

    Rather than suspend its enrichment of uranium as required by multiple U.N. Security Council resolutions, Iran continues aggressively to expand its nuclear capabilities. A comprehensive and rapid American-led campaign of crippling sanctions — including final passage in Congress of important sanctions legislation — holds the best prospect of persuading Iran's leadership to abandon its nuclear weapons quest. Below are some frequently asked questions concerning the Iranian threat and the role sanctions can play in preventing a nuclear-armed Iran.

  • Issues Memos

    Vital Support: The Importance of U.S. Security Aid to Israel (PDF)

    March 21, 2010

    Israel, the size of New Jersey with a population of seven million, is the only country in the world that must face daily calls for its elimination by neighboring countries and terrorist organizations. U.S. security assistance within the foreign aid bill is the most tangible manifestation of American support for Israel as the two allies work toward peace and overcome an unprecedented array of shared threats.

  • Issues Memos

    Vital Support: The Importance of U.S. Security Aid to Israel (PDF)

    March 21, 2010

    Israel, the size of New Jersey with a population of seven million, is the only country in the world that must face daily calls for its elimination by neighboring countries and terrorist organizations. U.S. security assistance within the foreign aid bill is the most tangible manifestation of American support for Israel as the two allies work toward peace and overcome an unprecedented array of shared threats.

  • Issues Memos

    Crippling Sanctions Needed to Prevent Nuclear Iran (PDF)

    March 17, 2010

    Iran's quest for a nuclear weapons capability is clear — from its efforts to buy nuclear weapons from Pakistan in the 1980s to its current production of uranium enriched more closely to the level required for producing a nuclear bomb. Because crippling sanctions still provide the best prospect at this time to persuade Tehran to abandon its nuclear pursuit, the United States should immediately tighten enforcement of sanctions law while pushing for the imposition of new, tougher measures.

  • Issues Memos

    Aid to Israel, Foreign Aid Funding Vital for U.S. National Security (PDF)

    March 17, 2010

    President Obama's budget request for fiscal year 2011 includes $3 billion in vital security assistance to Israel. Israel's aid is part of the president's overall request from Congress for $58.5 billion in international affairs spending. At little more than one percent of total federal spending, these programs are an essential, cost-effective tool for promoting American interests abroad and supporting important allies such as Israel.

  • Issues Memos

    Aid to Israel, Foreign Aid Funding Vital for U.S. National Security (PDF)

    March 17, 2010

    President Obama's budget request for fiscal year 2011 includes $3 billion in vital security assistance to Israel. Israel's aid is part of the president's overall request from Congress for $58.5 billion in international affairs spending. At little more than one percent of total federal spending, these programs are an essential, cost-effective tool for promoting American interests abroad and supporting important allies such as Israel.

  • Issues Memos

    Sanctions Needed Now to Prevent Nuclear Iran (PDF)

    February 23, 2010

    Iran's quest for a nuclear weapons capability is becoming clearer every day. Tehran is now producing higher enriched uranium that brings it much closer to possessing weapons-grade uranium needed for a nuclear bomb. At the same time, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has rung the alarm on military dimensions of the Iranian program. A comprehensive and rapid campaign of sanctions, led by the United States, holds the best prospect of persuading Iran's leadership to abandon its nuclear weapons quest and its oppression of the Iranian people.

  • Issues Memos

    PA Stance on Talks Obstructs U.S., Israeli Peace Efforts (PDF)

    February 18, 2010

    Palestinian Authority (PA) President Mahmoud Abbas continues to reject U.S. and Israeli entreaties to restart direct peace negotiations. The PA has insisted on a series of unrealistic preconditions and is urging the United States to conduct "shuttle diplomacy" between the two sides instead. By contrast, Israel has taken unprecedented steps for peace and has offered to resume serious, direct talks without preconditions. The PA and Arab states should accept the Obama administration's call to begin direct talks with Israel immediately and foster a climate for peaceful reconciliation.

  • Issues Memos

    A Look Back: U.S. Action to Prevent a Nuclear Iran (PDF)

    February 01, 2010

    For more than 15 years, the United States has played a central role in international efforts to stop Iran's ballistic missile and nuclear weapons programs. Since 1992, Congress has passed some 20 bills and resolutions sanctioning and condemning the regime for its support of terrorism and its nuclear weapons pursuit. In 1995, President Clinton issued a critical executive order banning all U.S. trade (with minor exceptions) and investments in Iran.

  • Issues Memos

    U.S. Foreign Aid: Serving American Interests (PDF)

    February 01, 2010

    Foreign aid, at about one percent of federal spending, is an essential, cost-effective tool for promoting American interests abroad and supporting our vital allies such as Israel. A robust international affairs and foreign aid budget reflects our humanitarian and democratic values and is critical to bolstering American national security and to building overseas markets for American goods and service and, in turn, creating jobs here at home.

  • Issues Memos

    Hamas Turned Gaza into Launching Pad for Terror (PDF)

    February 01, 2010

    Israel demonstrated its willingness to take dramatic risks for peace with the Palestinians when it unilaterally withdrew from Gaza in the summer of 2005. Israel's positive initiative was, unfortunately, met with increased violence. In June 2007, Hamas took control of Gaza through a violent coup against the reigning Fatah party. With a goal of destroying Israel, a position which has gone unchanged since its founding in 1987, Hamas has consolidated its power and turned Gaza into a launching pad for terrorist activity.

  • Issues Memos

    Key Provisions of U.S. Security Assistance to Israel (PDF)

    February 01, 2010

    Several provisions included in the annual State Department-Foreign Operations Appropriations Bill help Israel maximize the benefits of U.S. assistance. Below is a brief explanation of the key provisions or terms used when discussing American assistance to Israel.

  • Issues Memos

    The Importance of the Jewish State (PDF)

    February 01, 2010

    The modern State of Israel was established on the ancient homeland of the Jewish people in 1948. Based on the basic tenet of Zionism — that Jews must have their own country as a haven — Israel has served as a refuge for Jews the world over. Israel has been built on the principles of freedom and democracy, fulfilling both a political and historic imperative.

  • Issues Memos

    U.S.-Israel Trade: A Flourishing Relationship (PDF)

    February 01, 2010

    During the past 60 years, Israel has emerged as arguably America's premier Middle East trading partner and a leading source of investment opportunities and innovative technologies for U.S. firms and entrepreneurs. In recognition of the close alliance between the two nations, the United States signed its first-ever Free Trade Agreement (FTA) with Israel in 1985, which resulted in a seven-fold increase in trade. This landmark agreement helped to orient Israel's trade posture toward America, strengthening the U.S.-Israel relationship and ensuring that Israel's greatest friend is also its largest trading partner.