The Peace Process

Time and again, Israel has demonstrated its willingness to make tough sacrifices for peace. In 1982, it withdrew its forces and uprooted the Jewish settlers from the Sinai Peninsula to implement its 1979 peace treaty with Egypt; pursuant to the 1995 Oslo II Interim Agreement and 1998 Wye River Memorandum, Israel ceded responsibility for civil affairs and maintaining public order to the Palestinian Authority (PA) in parts of the West Bank; and in 2005, Israel withdrew its forces and evacuated all the Jewish settlers from the Gaza Strip.

In July 2013, the PA finally returned to the negotiating table for talks aimed at achieving a comprehensive peace deal. However, direct negotiations between the Israelis and Palestinians stalled and collapsed in 2014. Since then,  the PA has been attempting to impose a one-sided solution on Israel through actions at the United Nations and International Criminal Court. These unilateral efforts continue to undermine the peace process—the only viable path to enduring peace is direct, bilateral negotiations between both parties.

Talking Points

  1. Two states for two people.
    AIPAC strongly supports a two-state solution and works tirelessly to bring peace to the region. A two-state solution – a Jewish state of Israel living in peace with a demilitarized Palestinian state – with an end to all claims is the clear path to resolving this generations-old conflict.

  2. Only direct talks will lead to peace.
    As was the case in the previous Arab-Israeli peace deals, only direct talks between the parties can lead to a real and lasting peace.The Palestinians must not attempt to achieve their goals by attempting to use international organizations such as the United Nations and the International Criminal Court to impose their will on Israel.

  3. Arab states must take a more constructive role.
    The United States should continue to press the Arab states to normalize relations with Israel and take concrete steps to support the Israeli-Palestinian peace process.