Time and again, Israel has demonstrated its willingness to make tough sacrifices for peace. In 1982, it withdrew its forces and uprooted the Jewish settlers from the Sinai Peninsula to implement its 1979 peace treaty with Egypt; pursuant to the 1995 Oslo II Interim Agreement and 1998 Wye River Memorandum, Israel ceded responsibility for civil affairs and maintaining public order to the Palestinian Authority (PA) in parts of the West Bank; and in 2005, Israel withdrew its forces and evacuated all the Jewish settlers from the Gaza Strip.
In July 2013, the PA finally returned to the negotiating table for talks aimed at achieving a comprehensive peace deal. However, direct negotiations between the Israelis and Palestinians stalled and collapsed in 2014. Since then, the PA has been attempting to impose a one-sided solution on Israel through actions at the United Nations and International Criminal Court. These unilateral efforts continue to undermine the peace process—the only viable path to enduring peace is direct, bilateral negotiations between both parties.